Analysis Of Elie Wiesel's Speech: The Pathos Behind... (2023)

809 Words4 Pages

Uriah Witt
Professor Michael Jernigan
English 102
20 FEB 2018
The Pathos Behind Indifference

An elderly man makes his way to a podium of the White House, in attendance is President Bill Clinton and First Lady Hillary Rodham-Clinton. He had prepared a speech that will tug at the heart strings of every person in attendance, along with everyone watching from home. The date is significant to Elie Wiesel’s speech, 12 April 1999, 45 years to the day he had been liberated by American Soldiers from Buchenwald concentration camp in Nazi Germany. With sadness in his eyes and heart he delivered his speech The Perils of Indifference. Elie Wiesel spoke to the audience’s heart using pathos, using proper tone and with appropriate pauses allowing for the

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Wiesel almost immediately draws the audience in with the compelling beginning of a horrible nightmare, he uses joy and gratitude it is difficult to understand why until you see the emotional side. As the speech goes on he breaks down the word indifference to make sure the audience understands what he is speaking about, also incase there was any misconceptions of this word he says, “What is indifference? Etymologically, the word means "no difference." A strange and unnatural state in which the lines blur between light and darkness, dusk and dawn, crime and punishment, cruelty and compassion, good and evil” (Wiesel). He understood that for the audience to get emotionally attached to your speech, emotions must flow like a river. Wiesel continually brought up gratitude, joy, compassion and the children. The use of Pathos in this speech was evident throughout, the audience was in his shoes and felt his…show more content…
He wanted to the pauses to be placed during the parts of great impact and meaningfulness to himself. When he first says “indifference” (Wiesel) he speaks loudly and pauses for a short time after he says, “no difference” (Wiesel). This pause allows everyone in attendance to ponder and reflect on Wiesel’s definition of indifference. By doing this Wiesel prepared listeners for the entirety of his speech. Wiesel repeats gratitude, letting the audience know the importance of this word to himself, after the third time he will take another small pause to encourage the audience to create their own definition of gratitude. Dramatic pauses can be powerful Wiesel uses these pauses again while emphasizing “indifference” (Wiesel)and, “inhumane” (Wiesel). He spoke the words “In a way, to be indifferent to that suffering is what makes the human being inhuman.” (Wiesel) He allows the attendees to make an overall connection between indifference and inhuman. These pauses allowed him to convey his overall


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How does Elie Wiesel use pathos in his speech? ›

Elie Wiesel uses the technique of pathos in his speech in the beginning when he talks about his life when he was younger. This is pathos because he was starting to tap into people's emotions, and he brings up things from his childhood that definitely made the crowd mellow, by telling that.

What is an example of pathos in night by Elie Wiesel? ›

For example, Elie says “I remember it happened yesterday or eternities ago, A young Jewish boy discovered the kingdom of night. I remember his bewilderment I remember his anguish. It all happened so fast that's an example of pathos since he used a story and emotional impact.

What is the analysis of Elie Wiesel speech? ›

Wiesel's speech is a harsh indictment against those who choose to be indifferent to the suffering of others, invoking compassion by utilizing various rhetorical devices including ethos, logos, pathos and charged language, rhetorical questions and parallelism, and repetition.

Which statement is an example of pathos in Wiesel Nobel Prize acceptance speech? ›

Which is an example of Wiesel's use of pathos in his Nobel Prize acceptance speech? What all these victims need above all is to know that they are not alone; that we are not forgetting them.

What is pathos explain and give 2 examples? ›

Advertisers often use pathos to appeal to an audience's emotions, like making them feel sorry for their subject. They might also make their audience feel angry towards something, so that they're motivated to take action. Or they might make them laugh. That's all pathos.

Is there pathos in I Have a Dream speech? ›

Martin Luther King uses pathos in his speech by sharing the experiences of African Americans who have faced discrimination and segregation. He talks about how African Americans have been “seared in the flames of withering injustice” and how they are still not free even 100 years after the Emancipation Proclamation.

What does pathos talk about? ›

Pathos, or the appeal to emotion, means to persuade an audience by purposely evoking certain emotions to make them feel the way the author wants them to feel. Authors make deliberate word choices, use meaningful language, and use examples and stories that evoke emotion.

What is an example of pathos in a sentence? ›

It was a beautiful mixture of humour and pathos. His work combines a wry humour with pathos. There is a real pathos running through the whole story. The film hit all the notes from comedy to pathos and sharpened your hearing as it did so.

Why does Elie Wiesel use rhetorical questions in his speech? ›

One of the most common literary devices Wiesel uses is the rhetorical question. In The Perils of Indifference, Wiesel asks a total of 26 questions, not to receive an answer form his audience, but to emphasize a point or focus the audience's attention on his argument.

What is the central point of Wiesel's speech? ›

In his 1986 Nobel Peace Prize acceptance speech, Elie Wiesel strives to inform his audience of the unbelievable atrocities of the Holocaust in order to prevent them from ever again responding to inhumanity and injustice with silence and neutrality.

What was Wiesel's purpose for giving this speech? ›

The purpose of Wiesel's speech is to persuade the audience not to be indifferent to victims of injustice and cruelty. The speaker hopes to accomplish compassion in the twenty-first century for those suffering injustices around the world.

What is ethos pathos and logos in a speech? ›

Logos appeals to the audience's reason, building up logical arguments. Ethos appeals to the speaker's status or authority, making the audience more likely to trust them. Pathos appeals to the emotions, trying to make the audience feel angry or sympathetic, for example.

How are ethos logos and pathos used in speech? ›

Ethos is about establishing your authority to speak on the subject, logos is your logical argument for your point and pathos is your attempt to sway an audience emotionally.

What is pathos in simple words? ›

The Greek word páthos means "experience, misfortune, emotion, condition,” and comes from Greek path-, meaning “experience, undergo, suffer.” In English, pathos usually refers to the element in an experience or in an artistic work that makes us feel compassion, pity, or sympathy.

What are the 3 characteristics of pathos? ›

Empathy, sympathy and pathetic are derived from pathos. Pathos is to persuade by appealing to the audience's emotions. As the speaker, you want the audience to feel the same emotions you feel about something, you want to emotionally connect with them and influence them.

What word best describes pathos? ›

Synonyms of pathos
  • sorrow.
  • heartbreak.
  • anguish.
  • heartache.
  • grief.
  • misery.
  • seriousness.
  • woe.

What emotions does pathos appeal to? ›

Pathos is a quality of an experience in life, or a work of art, that stirs up emotions of pity, sympathy, and sorrow. Pathos can be expressed through words, pictures, or even with gestures of the body.

What part of speech is pathos? ›

That quality or property of anything which touches the feelings or excites emotions and passions, esp., that which awakens tender emotions, such as pity, sorrow, and the like; contagious warmth of feeling, action, or expression; pathetic quality.

What is an example of pathos argument? ›

Pathos examples in everyday life include: A teenager tries to convince his parents to buy him a new car by saying if they cared about their child's safety they'd upgrade him. A man at the car dealership implores the salesman to offer the best price on a new car because he needs to support his young family.

Is the I Have a Dream Speech ethos pathos logos? ›

delivered a famous speech during the March on Washington for Jobs and freedom, this speech was called “I have a dream.” This speech was focused on ending racism and equal rights for African Americans during the civil rights movement. He displays a great amount of pathos, logos, and ethos in his speech.

Does pathos have to be sad? ›

Pathos can trigger any kind of emotions in the reader ranging from sadness to anger. These appeals are particularly effective in terms of connecting with the audience, and giving the message a personal and relatable touch.

Does pathos include fear? ›

Pathos is related to the words pathetic, sympathy and empathy. makes you feel without fully analyzing the rationale behind the claim, you are acting on pathos- emotions: love, fear, patriotism, guilt, hate, joy etc.

Is pathos positive or negative? ›

They're all harnessing Pathos — evoking positive feelings of love, sympathy and compassion, or negative feelings of greed, fear and envy.

Is pathos story telling? ›

Most people, when they think of storytelling, think of pathos – telling stories that can build an emotional connection. That's critical. And yes, the best stories have the power to connect.

What is pathos examples for students? ›

An advertisement for a new car with a famous actor driving it but evoke feelings of envy or desire, especially desire to have the newest model of car or to have something that the famous person has.

Is pathos guilty? ›

Pathos is related to words “pathetic,” “sympathy,” and “empathy.” Whenever you accept a claim based on how it makes you feel without fully analyzing the rationale behind the claim, you are acting on pathos. They may be any emotions: love, fear, patriotism, guilt, hate or joy.

Where is pathos mostly used? ›

Pathos is a term used most often in rhetoric (in which it is considered one of the three modes of persuasion, alongside ethos and logos), as well as in literature, film and other narrative art.

What are the forms of pathos? ›

There are two kinds of pathos: emotional substance and medium mood control. The speaker or writer uses emotional substance when she is trying to elicit an emotional response from her audience.

What rhetorical devices does Elie Wiesel use in his speech? ›

Elie Wiesel uses rhetorical devices such as personification, metaphors, and rhetorical questions to emphasize and establish the theme of losing faith.

What is the purpose of the rhetorical question at the end of the novel? ›

A rhetorical question is used to create dramatic effect or make a point rather than elicit an answer. Instead of telling the reader how the character feels or inserting information into the story, you have the character wonder about the information instead.

What is the rhetorical purpose of a speech? ›

Its aim is to inform, educate, persuade or motivate specific audiences in specific situations. It originates from the time of the ancient Greeks. Rhetoric is not just a tool used only in speeches, you use it in everyday life when, for example, you only disclose certain parts of your weekend to certain people.

What is Wiesel main message in the text? ›

It is implied throughout the text that silence and passivity are what allowed the Holocaust to continue. Wiesel's writing of Night is itself an attempt to break the silence, to tell loudly and boldly of the atrocities of the Holocaust and, in this way, to try to prevent anything so horrible from ever happening again.

How does Elie Wiesel use ethos? ›

Ethos is conveyed by using “my friends” to show how Wiesel is attempting to persuade the trust of the audience (Wiesel, 1999/16, p. 80). The author uses historic facts to show how much indifference there is in the world and why there is a need for vigilance in the face of evil.

What is Elie Wiesel point of view? ›

First Person (Central)

The story is told from the first-person view of Elie Wiesel who writes and reflects on his experiences as a 15- and 16-year-old during World War II.

What does logos mean in pathos? ›

pathos (emotions): known as “the appeal to emotion.” Pathos refers to the method of trying to persuade an audience by eliciting some kind of emotional reaction. logos (logic): known as “the appeal to reason.” This method involves using facts and logical reasoning to support an argument and persuade an audience.

How does a speaker build pathos? ›

Ethos: The speaker tries to show the audience that he or she is reliable, credible, and trustworthy. The speaker also tries to build a bridge to the audience by using first-person plural pronouns (we, us). Pathos: The speaker appeals to the audience's emotions, using emotional language, sensory images, and anecdotes.

What are the three elements of logos ethos and pathos? ›

Use ethos in the beginning to set up your creditability and to make you readers/listeners relate to you. Use logos, or logic, to argue and build your points. Finish up with pathos, or the emotional appeal as people will act based on their emotions, and that is, after all, your ultimate goal.

What is the the difference between ethos and pathos? ›

Ethos appeals to the writer's character. Ethos can also be thought of as the role of the writer in the argument, and how credible his/her argument is. Pathos appeals to the emotions and the sympathetic imagination, as well as to beliefs and values.

What is an example of logos in a speech? ›

Logos is when we use cold arguments – like data, statistics, or common sense – to convince people of something, rather than trying to appeal to an audience's emotions. Here's an example of logos in action from our man Aristotle himself: All men are mortal. Socrates is a man.

Which word from the passage is an appeal to pathos? ›

Which word from the passage is an appeal of pathos ? BRUTUS: who is here so base that would be a bondman? If any, speak; for him have I offended.

What are examples of pathos in a modest proposal? ›

A way that Johnathan Swift used A Modest Proposal to show pathos in the story was when he said "Their helpless infants who, as they grow up, either turn into thieves for want of work, or leave their dear native country, to fight for the Pretender of Spain, or sell themselves to the Barbados." This Shows Pathos because ...

What part of the I Have a Dream speech Is pathos? ›

Martin Luther King uses Pathos when he says “And so even though we face the difficulties of today and tomorrow, I still have a dream. It is a dream deeply rooted in the American dream.” He uses pathos here to appeal to his entire audience.

How did the author use pathos? ›

Pathos, or the appeal to emotion, means to persuade an audience by purposely evoking certain emotions to make them feel the way the author wants them to feel. Authors make deliberate word choices, use meaningful language, and use examples and stories that evoke emotion.

What emotions does pathos use? ›

Pathos is a quality of an experience in life, or a work of art, that stirs up emotions of pity, sympathy, and sorrow. Pathos can be expressed through words, pictures, or even with gestures of the body.

How do you identify ethos pathos and logos in a speech? ›

Ethos is about establishing your authority to speak on the subject, logos is your logical argument for your point and pathos is your attempt to sway an audience emotionally. Leith has a great example for summarizing what the three look like.

What is the theme of pathos about? ›

Pathos is the appeal to emotion. It can be created in writing, speech and in visual media. The aim is to persuade an audience through an emotional appeal, or to evoke emotion in response to a piece of writing or art.

How does the author use pathos to support her? ›

When an author relies on pathos, it means that he or she is trying to tap into the audience's emotions to get them to agree with the author's claim. An author using pathetic appeals wants the audience to feel something: anger, pride, joy, rage, or happiness.

How does the author use pathos to support her purpose? ›

The author uses pathos to make a suitable emotional attraction of audiences towards the speech's objectives. Pathos can be used by using some particular styles like style of language and figure of speech. Pathos has the ability to reveal the quality of experience in one's life.

What is an example of ethos in Elie Wiesel acceptance speech? ›

An example of ethos in Elie Wiesel's speech, is "... to the Jewish people with whose destiny I have always identified." This example of ethos makes Elie seem credible, because he himself is a Jew, speaking of the horrors committed against he, and millions of other Jews.

What rhetorical strategies does Elie Wiesel use in Night? ›

These would include personification, metaphors, similes, irony, allusion, as well as foreshadowing.


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